What is Sports and Exercise Psychology?

Sport psychology is an interdisciplinary science that draws on knowledge from the fields of kinesiologyand psychology. It involves the study of how psychological factors affect performance and how participation in sport and exercise affect psychological and physical factors.

More specifically applied sport and exercise psychology consists of instructing athletes, coaches, teams, exercisers, parents, fitness professionals, groups, and other performers on the psychological aspects of their sport or activity. The goal of applied practice is to optimize performance and enjoyment through the use of psychological skills.

Professionals who practice applied sports and exercise psychology and receive certification through AASP (Association for Applied Sports Psychology) have the title of certified consultant, or CC-AASP. Practitioners who have attained CC-AASP status are competent in the practice of sport psychology regardless of the type of degree or program training they possess. Certified consultants have a master's or doctoral degree in an area related to sport and exercise psychology, completed coursework on the subject, and participated in over 300 hours of supervised applied experiences. 

Definition of sport psychology from: